Travelers say that Budapest is the queen of the Danube and her crown is the Royal Palace on the top of the Buda Castle. The Royal Palace of Buda has one of the most beautiful panoramas in Budapest and the most frequented tourist attraction of the country.
It is the part of the Buda Castle District and has been one of Budapest's World Heritage Sites since 1987.
It was bombed during World War II and only partially rebuilt in the 1960s in a "socialist realist" style, which unfortunately only partly resembles to the original building ensemble.
The National Széchényi Library has been located in the palace building in the Krisztinaváros Wing since 1985, as well as the Hungarian National Gallery and the Budapest History Museum. There is also the seat of the President of the Republic and the Prime Minister.
The fortified settlement surrounded by the castle wall on the Castle Hill is called the Castle, which includes the Castle District. To the south of the Castle District is the Royal Palace, the Royal Palace, to the south of the Castle. As there were several palaces in Buda, we can distinguish the palace on the top of the Castle Hill as the Royal Palace of Buda.
The Royal Palace of Buda was the most important ruling center in Hungarian history, especially in the Middle Ages, similarly to the royal seats of Esztergom and Visegrád, which are also on the banks of the Danube.
The medieval, luxurious Gothic palace dates from the 14th century. beginning of the 20th century. During the reign of King Louis the Great, Sigismund and King Matthias it was continuously expanded. The most famous - now Renaissance - palace was born in the time of King Matthias in the 15th century. in the middle of the 20th century, whose fame reached Europe. If he stood, his picture would be presented in a single page with Prague's Hradzhin and his modeled Krakowian Wawel in architectural textbooks across Europe.
The decline of the palace began with the Turkish occupation in 1541, and during the almost one and a half centuries of foreign rule it almost completely collapsed. He suffered his final destruction during the liberation of Buda in 1686. During this, the medieval Buda and the Renaissance palace were irretrievably destroyed. The construction of the new palace began in 1715 with Baroque features, which have been continuously developed and expanded throughout the 19th century. Until the end of the 20th century, when Miklós Ybl and Alajos Hauszmann built the new-baroque palace.
The palace was fully explored and discovered between 1948 and 1957, before the reconstruction of the new-baroque palace, which was destroyed in World War II. Following the Second World War, a lengthy debate preceded the rebuilding of the palace: some who had demolished the kingdom-like ruins and others who had dreamed of a university. Finally, restoration work began in 1948 under the direction of László Gerevich, archaeologist and art historian, then director-general of the Budapest History Museum.
Today's Royal Palace is merely a shadow of its former self and resembles its contemporary self only to a large extent. No longer can we find within its walls the splendor that characterized the prewar new-baroque palace. The Hungarian government has included in its national development plan the renewal and reconstruction of the Royal Palace of Budavár. So far, the riding hall and the main guard building on the west side have been rebuilt, the former Castle Theater and the Carmelite Monastery have been rebuilt, the Prime Minister's seat has been completed, and a former Ministry of Defense building at the north entrance of the Royal Palace has been restored. In the next period there will be major changes in the utilization and building complex. However, the tourist, cultural and headquarters functions of the Royal Palace of Buda do remain.
It could be long to list the personal or material presence of the Royal Palace of Budavár in its historical relics. Such are the medieval Hungarian-Czech-Polish royal relations, of which King Louis the Great of Hungary went from Buda to Sandomierz in king-visit. Also, soldiers from 14 European nations took part in the recapture of Buda from the Turks in 1686.
The daughter of the Russian Tsar In the first half of the 20th century, the palatine of Hungary's Habsburg empire became the wife of Emperor Joseph the Emperor, and when the young couple took their seats in the Royal Palace of Buda, huge celebrations took place on March 8, 1800, at the then Castle Theater oratorio.
We can also mention a number of Chinese contacts: the XV. Celadon ceramics dated to the 20th century, Chinoiserie interiors that appeared in the Baroque palace during the Baroque period and at the beginning of the 20th century, László Hugyecz, a Hungarian architect who shaped the city-scape of Shanghai, learned urban architecture from Frigyes Hauszmann, who still contemplates the outline of the Royal Palace of Buda.